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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 175-182

The California tri-pull taping method in the treatment of shoulder subluxation after stroke: A randomized clinical trial

1 Department of Physiotherapy, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Ambala, Haryana, India
2 Department of Occupational Therapy, Samuel Merritt University, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
3 Department of Physiotherapy, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Kate A Hayner
Samuel Merritt University, Master of Occupational Therapy, 450 30th Street, Oakland, CA 94609
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.179933

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Background: Shoulder subluxation is a frequent occurrence in individuals following a stroke. Although various methods of treatment are available, none of them address all possible consequences of the subluxation pain, limited range of motion, the subluxation, and decreased functional use of the arm. Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of California tri-pull taping (CTPT) method on shoulder subluxation, pain, active shoulder flexion, and upper limb functional recovery after stroke. Materials and Methods: This was a randomized control study on 30 participants. All participants received conventional neurorehabilitation 5 days a week over 6 weeks. Half of the participants also received the CTPT. Pre- and post-assessment scores were taken on all participants for the amount of shoulder subluxation, pain, active shoulder flexion, and functional recovery. Results: The CTPT method demonstrated a significant reduction of pain in the treatment group from baseline, a significant improvement in active shoulder flexion and a significant improvement in proximal arm function as measured on the proximal subscale on the Fugl-Meyer upper extremity functional Scale but not the distal or total Fugl-Meyer subscales. Shoulder subluxation was not statistically significant. Conclusions: The CTPT method is an effective treatment for the hemiplegic subluxed shoulder.

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