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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 123-128

Zika virus: A global threat to humanity: A comprehensive review and current developments

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Accident and Emergency, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
3 Consultant Physician, NMB Diagnostics, Serampore, Hooghly, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Adrija Hajra
Department of Internal Medicine, IPGMER, Kolkata, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.179112

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At present, one of greatest concerns of medical personnel is Zika virus (ZIKV). Though it has been reported for quite a long time, its rapid emergence, new modes of transmission, and more importantly, the congenital anomalies associated with it have made the situation worse. It was first detected in 1947. After that, this infection was found in the countries of Africa as well as Asia. At present, interestingly it has been reported from Brazil. Microcephaly and intracranial calcification have been postulated to be related to maternal infection with this virus. Though it is asymptomatic in maximum number of cases, the serious complications of the infection should be prevented at the earliest. No specific treatment and vaccine are available till now. But research continues and hopefully, success is not far off. The right information about this infection should reach patients as well as physicians. It will prevent unnecessary panic. In August, Brazil is going to organize the Olympic and Paralympic Games and all eyes are now focused on this. In this review article, the authors have tried to focus on the important points about this infection. The data were gathered after searching for relevant articles published in PubMed, the World Health Organization's (WHO) website, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) website, and some other related websites on the Internet.

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