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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 94-99

Nicotine dependence, physical activity, and sedentary behavior among adult smokers

1 Center for Health Behavior Research, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, Mississippi, USA
2 Department of Respiratory Therapy, Lansing School of Nursing and Health Sciences, Bellarmine University, Louisville, Kentucky, USA

Correspondence Address:
Paul D Loprinzi
Center for Health Behavior Research The University of Mississippi, 229 Turner Center, University, Mississippi - 38677
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.153920

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Background: Research has previously demonstrated an inverse association between smoking status and physical activity; however, few studies have examined the association between nicotine dependence and physical activity or sedentary behavior. Aim: This study examined the association between nicotine dependence and accelerometer-determined physical activity and sedentary behavior. Materials and Methods: Data from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used. A total of 851 adult (≥20 years) smokers wore an accelerometer for ≥4 days and completed the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence scale. Regression models were used to examine the association between nicotine dependence and physical activity/sedentary behavior. Results: After adjusting for age, gender, race-ethnicity, poverty level, hypertension, emphysema, bronchitis, body mass index (BMI), cotinine, and accelerometer wear time, smokers 50 + years of age with greater nicotine dependence engaged in more sedentary behavior (β = 11.4, P = 0.02) and less light-intensity physical activity (β = −9.6, P = 0.03) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA; β = −0.14, P = 0.003) than their less nicotine dependent counterparts. Conclusion: Older adults who are more nicotine dependent engage in less physical activity (both MVPA and light-intensity) and more sedentary behavior than their less nicotine dependent counterparts.

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