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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 536-540

Implementing benson's relaxation training in hemodialysis patients: Changes in perceived stress, anxiety, and depression

1 Department of Nursing, Nasibeh Nursing College, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, India
2 Education Center of Development, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, India
3 Department of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, India
4 Department of Psychology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Ali Heidari Gorji
Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Vali asr avenue, Sari, 47636-5481
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.118917

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Background: Hemodialysis patients usually experience high levels of psychological stress, anxiety, and depression. Reducing these matters in patients provides more psychological resources to cope with their physical situation. Aim: The present study aimed to explore the efficacy of Benson's relaxation technique for stress, anxiety, and depression of patients with hemodialysis. Materials and Methods: Eighty hemodialysis patients were selected from two hospitals as an intervention and control groups. Then Benson relaxation training was implemented in the intervention group for 15 min twice a day during 4 weeks. The patients were assessed by depression, anxiety, and stress scale; which was completed before and after the intervention. Results: There were significant differences between stress and anxiety levels in case group before and after intervention (P < 0.001) and there is no meaningful difference between the mean of depression value in case group before and after intervention (P < 0.22). Conclusion: Instructing Benson's relaxation technique is accompanied by reducing stress and anxiety level of hemodialysis patients. Reducing stress and anxiety levels can provide more calmness for the patients so that pursuing medical therapy would be accompanied with more tranquility. Authors have suggested to improve and prevent the patients' psychological problems as well as other chronic disorders by applying this practice.

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