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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 689-698

Intestinal amebiasis: A concerning cause of acute gastroenteritis among hospitalized Lebanese children

Department of Pediatrics, Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon

Correspondence Address:
Amal Naous
Department of Pediatrics, Makassed General Hospital, BeirutDepartment of Pediatrics, Makassed General Hospital, Beirut
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.123253

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Background: Intestinal amebiasis is an important public health problem worldwide. More severe disease is associated with young age, malnutrition and immunosuppression. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and characteristic nature of intestinal amebiasis among pediatric population, and compare it with other causes of gastroenteritis. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective comparative study conducted at Makassed General Hospital between January 2008 and December 2012, including all pediatric patients between birth and 15 years of age, who presented with symptoms of acute gastroenteritis. Results: One thousand three hundred ninety-five patients were included in the study, and were divided into four groups: Group I (Entameba histolytica group = 311 cases, 22.3%), group II (Rotavirus group = 427 cases, 30.6%), group III (bacterial group = 107 cases, 7.7%), group IV (unidentified group = 550 cases, 39.4%). Significant leukocytosis, neutrophilia and positive C-reactive protein were found among more than 50% of admitted Entemaba histolytica cases with a picture of severe invasive disease in young infants. Conclusion: Entameba histolytica can be an emerging serious infection, especially when it finds suitable environmental conditions and host factors, so we should be ready to face it with effective preventive measures.

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