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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-77

Urinary tract infection in a rural community of Nigeria

1 Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, Igbinedion University, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria
2 School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 1111, Benin, Edo, Nigeria
3 Department of Pathology, Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital, Okada, Edo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Richard Omoregie
School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 1111, Benin, Edo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aim: To determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in Okada, a rural community in Nigeria, and the effect of age and gender on its prevalence as well as the etiologic agents and the susceptibility profile of the bacterial agents. Patients and Method: Clean-catch midstream urine was collected from 514 patients (49 males and 465 females). The urine samples were processed and microbial isolates identified. Susceptibility testing was performed on all bacterial isolates. Result: The prevalence of urinary tract infection was significantly higher in females compared to males (female vs. male: 42.80% vs. 10.20%; OR = 6.583. 95% CI = 2.563,16.909; P < 0.0001). Age had no effect on the prevalence of UTI. Escherichia coli was the most prevalent isolate generally and in females, while Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant isolate causing urinary tract infection in males. The flouroquinnolones were the most active antibacterial agents. Conclusion: An overall prevalence of 39.69% was observed in this study. Females had a 3 to 17 fold increase risk of acquiring UTI, than their male counterpart. Escherichia coli were the predominant isolates causing UTI.

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